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Understanding of Digital Signature Certificate

Digital Signature

1. What is Digital Signature Certificate(DSC)

A digital signature is a mathematical scheme for verifying the authenticity of digital messages or documents. A valid digital signature on a message gives a recipient confidence that the message came from a sender known to the recipient

Digital signatures are often used to implement electronic signatures, which include any electronic data that carries the intent of a signature

2. Registered Companies under Certifying Authorities Under CCA (Controller of Certifying Authorities) (Govt of India)

Licensed CA’s Class 1 Class 2 Class 3
Safescrypt
Capricorn
e-Mudhra
nCode Solutions
Vsign
RISL
IDSign
Pantasign
Xtra Trust
ProDigiSign
SignX
Care4Sign

3. Legal Framework

Digital signature purchased from the above companies are legally admissible in a Court of Law, as provided under the provisions of IT Act, 2000.

4. Types of Digital Signature

There are 2 types DSC, Signing & Encryption

Signing: Signing DSC is used for Signing the documents/files electronically

Encryption: Encryption DSC are used to secure the confidentiality and privacy of digital communication and data and making it unreadable to unauthorized parties

5. Classes & Usage of DSC

There are 2 types DSC, Signing & Encryption

  • Class 1 DSC: – It is used for email purpose, this certificate is rarely used or not using in india
  • Class 2 DSC:- Before 1/1/2021 It was used for IT, GST, MCA, ePF.. and this dsc discontinued from 1/1/2021
  • Class 3 DSC:- From 1/1/2021, only Class 3 DSC is working
    1. Class 3 Sign DSC :- Used for Income tax filing, MCA e-filing & ROC Filing, IEC Registration, GST filing & Registration, ePF filing, Director eKYC, Traces,Trademark and Patent eFiling, Limited Tenders & Company Registration….
    2. Class 3 Combo DSC (Sign +Encryption) : All India eTenders Websites, All India eProcurement Websites, ICE Gate, Gem Portal…
    3. Class 3 – DGFT DSC : it is used only for dgft portal(dgft.gov.in) only

6. Application Process:

  • Step 1  :- Enrolment
  • Step 2  :- Verification( Email & Video)
  • Step 3  :- Your DSC is ready to download

Documents required for applying for a Digital Signature Certificate in India – Download

7. Security Features

DSC Comes with FIPS Approved Tokens, so it is well secured

8. Validity Period

DSC Validity Comes in 1 Year, 2 Years & 3 Years

9. DSC Processing Methods

  1. Online Paperless
  2. Online OTP
  3. PAN Based
  4. Existing eKYC (Repeated DSC)

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